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¡Hola, amigas y amigos de SpanishCompadres.com! Welcome to a new article! The verb “ESTAR” (to be, temporary) is one of the most used verbs in any language. Spanish is also the case. Therefore, we have prepared a super post with ALL conjugations for the verb “estar” in Spanish. We have also come up with example sentences for each conjugation, so you can practice vocabulary and pronunciation by reading them out loud.

The verb “to be” in Spanish can be translated as “ser” or “estar”, depending on the context. As a general distinction, the verb “estar” indicates a temporary state of being. For example, in the sentence “Mi esposa está feliz” (My wife is happy) the verb “está” (conjugated form of “estar”) indicates a temporary state, the fact that the subject is happy IN THIS MOMENT. 

The verb “ser” indicates a permanent state of being. For example, in the sentence “Mi esposa es feliz” (My wife is happy), the verb “es” (conjugated form of “ser”) indicates a permanent state, the fact that the subject is ALWAYS happy. 

Let’s check out all the conjugations of the verb “estar”.    

 

Table of contents

 

What does estar mean in Spanish?

As we explained in the introduction, “estar” is one of the meanings of the verb “to be” in Spanish. “To be” can be translated as “ser” or “estar”. The difference between “ser” and “estar” is that “ser” describes a permanent state of being (e.g. El pan es caro / Bread is expensive / Bread is ALWAYS expensive), whereas “estar” describes a temporary state of being (e.g. El pan está caro / Bread is expensive / Bread is expensive RIGHT NOW). 

 

Verb ESTAR conjugation

 

Non-conjugated forms

Infinitive estar
Gerund estando
Participle estado

 

INDICATIVE MOOD

 

Presente Examples
Yo estoy I am (Yo) Estoy en el supermercado (I’m at the supermarket)
Tú estás You are Tú estás esperando un milagro (You are waiting for a miracle)
Él está He is Ella está enojada (She’s angry)
Nosotros estamos We are Nosotros estamos bien (We are fine)
Vosotros estáis You are Ustedes no están en peligro (You are not in danger)
Ellos están They are Ellos están en el café (They are in the café)

 

Pretérito imperfecto Examples
Yo estaba I was Yo estaba pensando en ti (I was thinking about you)
Tú estabas You were Tú estabas como loco (You were like crazy)
Él estaba He was Él no estaba donde dijo (He wasn’t where he said he was)
Nosotros estábamos We were Nosotros estábamos almorzando (We were having lunch)
Vosotros estábais / Ustedes estaban You were Vosotros estábais / Ustedes estaban tomando té (You were having tea)
Ellos estaban They were Ellos estaban trabajando (They were working)

 

Pretérito perfecto simple Examples
Yo estuve I was Yo estuve molesto, pero se me pasó (I was upset, but I got over it)
Tú estuviste You were Tú estuviste dormida por diez horas (You were asleep for ten hours)
Él estuvo He was Ella estuvo aquí ayer (She was here yesterday)
Nosotros estuvimos We were Nosotros estuvimos en esa clase (We were in that class)
Vosotros estuvisteis / Ustedes estuvieron You were Vosotros estuvisteis / Ustedes estuvieron detenidos (You were detained)
Ellos estuvieron They were Ellos estuvieron coludidos (They were colluded)

 

Futuro Examples
Yo estaré I will be Yo no estaré aquí cuando vuelvas (I won’t be here when you get back)
Tú estarás You will be Tú estarás en España cuando leas esto (You will be in Spain when you read this)
Él estará He will be Él estará contento después de la sorpresa (He will be happy after the surprise)
Nosotros estaremos We will be Nosotros estaremos contando los días (We’ll be counting the days)
Vosotros estaráis / Ustedes estarán You will be Vosotros estaráis / Ustedes estarán con nosotros mañana (You will be with us tomorrow)
Ellos estarán They will be Ellos estarán dentro de los clasificados (They will be among the classified ones)

 

Condicional Examples
Yo estaría I would be Yo estaría más contento si fueses más amable (I would be happier if you were nicer)
Tú estarías You would be Tú estarías conmigo si tuviese más dinero (You would be with me if I had more money)
Él estaría He would be Ella no estaría resfriada si se hubiese cuidado (She wouldn’t have a cold if she had taken care of herself)
Nosotros estaríamos We would be Nosotros ya estaríamos allá si hubiésemos tomado el avión antes (We would already be there if we had taken an earlier flight)
Vosotros estaríais / Ustedes estarían You would be Vosotros estaríais / Ustedes estarían mejor allá (You would be better there)
Ellos estarían They would be Ellas estarían desmotivadas si no fuesen tan fuertes (They would be demotivated if they weren’t so strong)

 

Pretérito perfecto compuesto Examples
Yo he estado I have been Yo he estado peor (I have been worse)
Tú has estado You have been Tú no has estado disponible por varios días (You haven’t been available for several days)
Él ha estado He has been Él no ha estado preocupado de ese asunto (He hasn’t been worried about that issue)
Nosotros hemos estado We have been Nosotros hemos estado aquí desde las cuatro (We have been here since 4 pm)
Vosotros habéis / Ustedes han estado You have been Ustedes han estado con nosotros desde el comienzo (You have been with us since the beginning)
Ellos han estado They have been Ellas han estado en Argentina tres veces (They have been in Argentina three times)

 

Pretérito pluscuamperfecto Examples
Yo había estado I had been Yo había estado aquí hace años (I had been here years ago)
Tú habías estado You had seen Tú habías estado trabajando conmigo desde pequeño (You had been working with me since you were little)
Él había estado He has been Él había salido cuando llegué a la oficina (He had left when I got to the office)
Nosotros habíamos estado We had been Nosotros no habíamos estado bien hasta que llegaste (We hadn’t been well until you arrived)
Vosotros habíais / Ustedes habían estado You had been Ustedes habían estado muy ocupados antes de tomarse vacaciones (You had been too busy before taking a vacation)
Ellos habían estado They had been Ellas habían estado en España dos veces antes (They had been in Spain twice before)

 

Pretérito anterior Examples
Yo hube estado I had been NOTE: this conjugation is rarely used in everyday, real-life Spanish. It would make you sound awkward in a social situation.
Tú hubiste estado You had seen
Él hubo estado He has been
Nosotros hubimos estado We had been
Vosotros hubisteis / Ustedes hubieron estado You had been
Ellos hubieron estado They had been

 

Futuro perfecto Examples
Yo habré estado I will have been Cuando sean las seis, ya habré estado en camino (By six, I will have been on my way)
Tú habrás estado You will have been Para la próxima semana, ya habrás estado en dos ciudades de Chile (By next week, you will have been in two cities in Chile)
Él habrá estado He will have been Él habrá estado en su oficina dos veces para ese entonces (He will have been in his office twice by then)
Nosotros habremos estado We will have been Nosotros habremos estado de visita tres veces para entonces (We will have visited three times by then)
Vosotros habréis / Ustedes habrán estado You will have been Ustedes ya habrán estado aquí cuando él venga (You will have already been here when he comes)
Ellos habrán estado They will have been Ellas ya habrán estado en su dormitorio cuando llegue su prima (They will already have been in her bedroom when their cousin arrives)

 

Condicional perfecto Examples
Yo habría estado I would have been Yo habría estado fuera de aquí (I would have been out of here)
Tú habrías estado You would have been Tú habrías estado sola si no fuera por él (You would have been alone if it weren’t for him)
Él habría estado He would have been Él habría estado triste de no ser por ti (He would have been sad if it wasn’t for you)
Nosotros habríamos estado We would have been Nosotros habríamos estados preocupados si hubiese pasado algo (We would have been worried if something had happened)
Vosotros habríais / Ustedes habrían estado You would have been Ustedes habrían estado en peligro de no ser por la policía (You would have been in danger if it weren’t for the police)
Ellos habrían estado They would have been Ellos habrían estado en los EEUU si no hubiesen viajado (They would have been in the USA if they hadn’t traveled)

 

SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD

 

Presente Examples
(que) yo esté I am No creo que yo esté bien considerado ahí (I don’t think I am wel regarded there)
(que) tú estés You are Ojalá que tú estés mejor para esa fecha (I wish you are better by that time)
(que) él esté He is Deseo que él esté en mi fiesta de cumpleaños (I wish he is at my birthday party)
(que) nosotros estemos We are No creo que nosotros estemos listos (I don’t think we are ready)
(que) vosotros estéis / ustedes estén You are Ojalá que ustedes estén contentos (I wish you are happy)
(que) ellos estén They are Oremos para que ellos estén bien (Let’s pray they are OK)

 

Pretérito imperfecto / pretérito Examples
(que) yo estuviera o estuviese I were Si yo estuviera solo, me sacaría los zapatos (If I were alone, I’d take my shoes off)
(que) tú estuvieras o estuvieses You were Si tú estuvieras soltera, tendrías muchos pretendientes (If you were single, you would have many pretenders)
(que) él estuviera o estuviese He were Si ella estuviese en problemas, nos habría llamado (If she were in trouble, she would have called)
(que) nosotros estuviéramos o estuviésemos We were Si nosotros estuviéramos más preparados, pasaríamos la prueba fácilmente (If we were more prepared, we would pass the test easily)
(que) vosotros estuvierais o estuvieseis / ustedes estuvieran o estuviesen You were Si ustedes estuvieran despiertos a esa hora, podríamos juntarnos (If you were awake at that time, we could get together)
(que) ellos estuvieran o estuviesen They were Si ellas estuvieran en la ciudad, podríamos ir al cine (If they were in the city, we could go to the cinema)

 

Futuro simple / futuro Examples
(que) yo estuviere NOTE: this conjugation is rarely used in everyday, real-life Spanish. It would make you sound awkward in a social situation.
(que) tú estuvieres
(que) él estuviere
(que) nosotros estuviéremos
(que) vosotros estuviereis / ustedes estuvieren
(que) ellos estuvieren

 

Pretérito perfecto Examples
(que) yo haya estado I was No creo que yo haya estado en mi mejor momento (I don’t think I was at my prime)
(que) tú hayas estado You were Puede que tú hayas estado en esa fiesta (Maybe you were at that party)
(que) él haya estado He was No creo que ella haya estado hablando en serio (I don’t think she was talking seriously)
(que) nosotros hayamos estado We were No creo que nosotros hayamos estado pasándolo mal (I don’t think we were having a bad time)
(que) vosotros hayáis estado / ustedes hayan You were Puede que ustedes hayan estado un poco ebrios (Maybe you were a little drunk)
(que) ellos hayan estado They were Puede que ellos hayan estado bromeando (Maybe they were joking)

 

Pretérito pluscuamperfecto Examples
(que) yo hubiera / hubiese estado I had been Ojalá yo hubiera estado ahí para verte (I wish I had been there to see you)
(que) tú hubieras / hubieses estado You had been Ojalá tú hubieras estado en mi lugar (I wish you had been in place)
(que) él hubiera / hubiese estado He had been Ojalá que él hubiera estado en su trabajo más temprano (I wish he had been at work earlier)
(que) nosotros hubiéramos / hubiésemos estado We had been Ojalá que nosotros hubiéramos estado más comprometidos (I wish we had been more committed)
(que) vosotros hubierais o hubieseis / ustedes hubieran o hubiesen estado You had been Ojalá que ustedes hubieran estado en mejores condiciones (I wish you had been in better condition)
(que) ellos hubieran / hubiesen estado They had been Ojalá que ellas hubieran estado aquí antes (I wish they had been here earlier)

 

Futuro perfecto Examples
(que) yo hubiere estado NOTE: this conjugation is rarely used in everyday, real-life Spanish. It would make you sound awkward in a social situation.
(que) tú hubieres estado
(que) él hubiere estado
(que) nosotros hubiéremos estado
(que) vosotros hubiereis / ustedes hubieren estado
(que) ellos hubieren estado

 

IMPERATIVE MOOD

 

(Tú) está(te) Be ¡Estáte quieto, por favor! (Be still, please!)
(Ustedes) estad / estén Be Estén alertas (Be alert)

 

Conclusion

The verb “estar” is one of the meanings of the verb “to be” in Spanish. “To be” can be translated as “ser” or “estar”. The difference between “ser” and “estar” is that “ser” describes a permanent state of being, whereas “estar” describes a temporary state of being. Knowing how to conjugate this high frequency verb will help you take your Spanish to the next level.

 

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